First, inventors should consider that countries around the world (i.e. outside the United States) need absolute novelty to obtain a patent. This is an exaggeration, but not much and it is the safest rule to follow. Following this rule, which is an accurate description in many countries, will prevent you from making many mistakes that would have negative consequences everywhere. Absolute novelty means that you cannot disclose your invention to anyone without a confidentiality agreement before filing a patent application. For patent and patent lawyers, the law immediately imposes a confidentiality agreement, so it is perfectly normal to prohibit your invention from a patent practitioner without written consent. For everyone else, you need a confidentiality agreement. Absolute novelty also requires that you do not sell, bid, use the invention or proof before filing a patent application. Despite the appropriateness of filing as soon as possible, it may not always be possible to prepare and file a full formal patent application immediately. You may need to finalize some details about the manufacture and use of the invention, or the cost of suing with a full patent application from the outset may be an obstacle. Also, if you are not sure about marketing a product, you can first make a small investment of your time and money until they can determine that it is a customer and the investor base ready to support the product. Sam, for example, invents a new and improved fly. The fly is practically silly, and anyone can use it to kill flies, no matter how uncoordinated it is.
Sam wants to talk to Bob about possible investments or partnerships in the company, and before Sam Bob says something, he wants a signed confidentiality agreement. Bob has no idea what he`ll learn from Sam – maybe it`s good, maybe it`s bad, maybe he already knows the information. If Bob signs a confidentiality agreement, he immediately opens up to liability because he promised to keep Sam`s information secret. If Bob was already aware of the improvement in Sam`s loss of theft, the confidentiality agreement he signed will almost certainly say that he does not have to keep Sam`s disclosure confidential. For example, in the standard privacy agreement available on IPWatchdog.com, there is a clause that is: as each situation is different, the confidentiality agreement that is right for you may require some adjustments to make it suitable for your scenario. Confidentiality agreements are legally binding contracts that allow inventors to share their ideas and knowledge without fear of stolen, especially before a patent is issued. In addition, a confidentiality agreement, as shown in the table above, does not protect you from cases where someone else creates their own invention independently (including the recipient) or from people who, by chance, file a patent application for the same invention or similar invention before you.