Under U.S. law, U.S. participation in an international agreement can be terminated by a president acting on executive power or by an act of Congress, regardless of how the U.S. has acceded to the agreement. The Paris Agreement stipulates that a Party may not withdraw from the Agreement within the first three years of its entry into force. However, the next paragraph of the decision stipulates that countries must submit new plans at least nine months before the corresponding COP. If countries believed that the first test took place in 2020 and not in 2025, it would mean February 9, nine months before Cop26, which takes place in Glasgow from November 9 to 19. The agreement itself has proven remarkably resilient. Bringing together 196 nations in 2015 was not easy – even when Fabius put down the hammer for the deal, there was a bit of harassment as Nicaragua had planned to oppose the required consensus but was ignored. But this consensus remained strong. Below is an overview of the sometimes obscure UN documents, the interpretation of which will bolsify or undermine hopes – from UN Secretary-General António Guterres to Swedish teenage activist Greta Thunberg – that 2020 will be a turning point towards harder action: Finally, as the mood in the room shook, UN security forces cleaned up the platform and senior officials from the historic Paris climate negotiations stepped up on the podium. For two weeks, 196 countries gathered in countless meetings, fought over dense pages of text, and examined every semicolon. And they had finally reached an agreement.
Laurent Fabius, the French foreign minister responsible for the exhausting talks, looked exhausted but delighted, grabbed his hammer and knocked it off a resounding crack. The Paris Agreement was finally approved. World leaders set the 2°C limit and the 1.5°C target limit in Paris based on advice from the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, the world`s leading climate body that has found over the years that 2°C is the safe threshold beyond which the devastation of climate collapse is likely to become catastrophic and irreversible. Even at 1.5°C, many low-lying areas could be flooded by rising sea levels and storm surges. .